A story within a story within a story within a story again. (The prefix ‘meta’ is Greek for ‘again’ meaning literally, ‘fiction again’.)

  • JPod by Douglas Coupland (2006). Douglas Coupland, as a character, is inserted into the novel when Ethan visits China to bring a heroin-addicted Steve back to Canada. This Google-version of Douglas Coupland consistently bumps into Ethan and manages to weave himself into the narrator’s life. JPodfinds itself in a digital world where technology is everything and the human mind is incapable of focusing on just one task.

  • The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon (2003). A novel about a writer writing a story: “Throughout his adventures, Christopher records his experiences in a book: a ‘murder mystery novel’ which makes the novel within a novel a mise en abyme. 

  • A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snickett (1999 – 2006). The entire series is actively narrated by Snicket, who makes numerous references to his mysterious, deceased love interest, Beatrice. Both Snicket and Beatrice play roles in the story along with Snicket’s family members, all of whom are part of an overarching conspiracy known to the children only as ‘V.F.D.’